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    Taageero farsamo

     hordhaca

      fursadaha suuqa nalalka LED ee warshadaha inuu keeno meel khayaali ah aan la koobi karayn, codsiyada nalalka LED leeyihiin LED dibadda in ay ku boodaan ka ee la soo dhaafay si ay u applications.According ah nalalka indoor in xeeladaha statistics Unlimited, shanta sano ee soo socota horumarinta nalalka indoor LED yeelan doonaan jibbaaranaha trend.In koritaanka 2011, sida uu ku qiyaasay, wax soo saarka ilaa tobanaan bilyan oo dollars.Especially noqon doona hogaanka fulinta eu ee 2009 mamnuucay laambad incandescent, iyo dareenka badan ayaa la siiyaa arrimaha ilaalinta tamarta, ayaa soo saaray iftiiminta LED indoor fursadaha suuqa weyn iyo rajo outlook.Below ka technology qaboojinta, design indhaha iyo design darawalka sida laambadihii iyo siraaddo baahida, falanqaynta awood sare horumarinta LED berrinkii nalalka indoor.

      horumarinta awoodda nalalka LED sare oo awood sare horumarinta nalalka LED ku xiran tahay laba cunsur: mid waa chip itself.2 waa technology ah laambadihii iyo siraaddo, oo ay ku jiraan kaamerada, indhaha, darawalka.

      2 taageero chip The

      Waqtigan xaadirka ah, fure u tahay horumarka of technology ee chip LED waa wax xataa salkeeda iyo technology qalabkan growth.Basal epitaxial ka carbide wax, Silicon iyo Silicon dhaqanka, iyo safayr in xabagta zinc, qalabka cusub sida nitride.Whether gallium waayo, nalalka lahjadda iyo illume muhiim awood sare chip, waxaa loo isticmaalaa nalalka madaxtooyada iyo qaar ka mid ah nalalka kaabayaal chips low-xoog fudud, technology muhiim ah hagaajinta wuxuu ku saabsan yahay sidii loo horumarin lahaa wax ku ool ah, ka xasilloon chips.In kaliya dhawr sano, iyadoo gargaarka ah ee ay ka mid yihiin qaab dhismeedka chip, dusha daaweynta roughening iyo design-dhismeedka iyo sidoo galmada badan oo taxane ah oo horumar farsamo, gaari xal weyn oo duurka ku ah hufnaanta photosynthetic of LED.Figure 1 waa horumarinta qaab-dhismeedka chip LED diagram.With tartiib baaluq of technology-soo-saarka, LED oolnimada galmada sii kordhin doonaa, chip LED hufnaanta photosynthetic sare loo qaadi doonaa.

     

    Khafiif ah technology chip film waa technology muhimka ah ee wax soo saarka chip dhalaalaya LED ee aalladda, si loo yareeyo khasaaraha ka mid ah wax soo saarka iftiinka dhinac kasta oo ay u isticmaali karaan hoose ee iftiinta ah ka dhigaysa in ka badan 97% ka mid ah wax soo saarka iftiinka xagga hore (eeg tirada 2) .Waxaa aan si weyn kaliya hagaajiyo nalalka LED ah, laakiin sidoo kale abuuray a Raaxada wanaagsan ee design gashto.

     

      3 Lamps iyo siraaddo baahida technology

      3.1 Heat technology dhereg

      dadweynaha ayaa si feejignaan inay nolosha adeeg ee laambadihii iyo lanterns.If kaliya ku tiirsan yihiin iska caabin yar kaamerada mid ah qaybaha LED loogu rakibo ee laambadihii iyo siraaddo aan nidaam qaboojinta wanaagsan, waana in si waxtar leh loo yareeyo iska caabin ah kaamerada ka PN ah Guntin deegaanka ku xeeran, si loo yareeyo heerkulka Guntin PN ee LED ah, dheeraan nolosha adeeg ee laambadihii LED iyo siraaddo iyo dhaqanka guul iyo hagaajin goals.Different dhabta ah dheecaan ka laambadihii caadiga ah iyo siraaddo, guddiga circuit ku daabacan yahay LED side xoog , waxaa sidoo kale LED side kulaylka, sidaas fin dhereg kulaylka iyo design guddiga circuit ku daabacan waa Intaa waxaa dheer oo aad u important.In, laambadihii iyo siraaddo saarayaasha waa inay sidoo kale ka fiirsan tayada arrimaha wax dhereg kulaylka, oo dhumucdiisuna waxay, size iyo dhereg badan kulayl sida processing ee interface iyo xidhiidh.

      3.2 design indhaha

      Marka la barbar dhigo laambadihii dhaqanka iyo siraaddo, nalalka jiho iyo dhibic waa ugu caadiga ah laba sifooyinka LED, iyo sida loo sameeyo isticmaalka labada sifooyinka LED waa furaha of design ee indhaha ee laambadihii iyo siraaddo.

      Iyada oo design binary indhaha ee LED, iyo laambadahoodii yaryaraa LED iyo siraaddo gaari karo qaybinta iftiin fiican curve.For tusaale ahaan, in codsiyada of laambadihii nalalka indoor iyo siraaddo baahan fudud dahay inaan ahaado oo aad u dhalaalaya, waxay isticmaali karaan shooladda transmittance iftiin sare ah kor u qaadista heerka fiirsato light .Ama codsatay teknoolajiyada ee ahaa wasladdii khafiifka guide light in laambadihiinnuna iyo siraaddo, si ay u bedesho isha LED dhibic fudud in il dusha nuurka, ma aha oo kaliya loo hagaajin karo midayso qaybinta iftiinka laambadihii iyo siraaddo, oo sidoo kale ka hortagi kara waxaa dheer glare.In, in qaar ka mid ah nalalka iyo iftiiminta lahjadda codsiyada kaabayaal ah, si ay u muujiyo oo daari doona walxaha iyo waxay u baahan yihiin saamaynta diiradda gaar ah, haddii ay taasi ku, waxa loo isticmaali karaa qaar ka mid ah gashto qiyaas iyo iftiinta, si loo gaaro saamaynta fiican indhaha.

      3.3 design Dadka degani

      Waa inay hubiyaan in LED drive si joogta ah haatan hadda output.When LED waa socodka shaqada korontada, isbedel qaraabo in danab Guntin waa mid aad u small.Therefore, si loo hubiyo in si joogto ah LED drive hadda, asal ahaan loo siman yahay si loo hubiyo in wax soo saarka LED joogto current.In Intaa waxaa dheer , shidida design gacanta waa mid ka mid ah design caadiga eryay, jawiga more codsiyada nalalka, sida ay deegaanka kala duwan si ay u ogaadaan heerka ekaantii iftiinku ku kala duwan, si buuxda u ogaadaan kartaa gool ee jooga saving.At tamarta, isbeddel weyn ee ay la eego design kexeeyey hagaajinta factor xoog, loo yareeyo isticmaalka awooda of drive ah, fiican oo sax gacanta iyo dardar response.In nidaamka design ah, design ee korontada, khariidad ee guddiga circuit oo taxane-isku midka ah jidadka ku daabacan yihiin arrimaha oo dhan waa in loo tixgeliyo.

      4 awood High nalalka LED tartan technology

      Xitaa LED in codsiyada nalalka lahjadda gudaha iyo iftiiminta madaxtooyada leeyihiin qaab lagu qanci karo, laakiin in codsiyada nalalka iyo iftiiminta jawiga guud ee ay weli haysataa caqabado badan, oo ay ku jiraan kharashka bilowga ah, heerkulka midabka yar yahay iftiinka, haya'ad color index iyo nidaamka isku halaynta, iwm

      4.1 Bilowga sii yareeyo kharashka

      Qiimuhu waa arrin yara xasaasi ah ee nalalka indoor, gaar ahaan qoyska applications.Although nalalka Kokes model iyo aad u badan, hufnaan photosynthetic ayaa hagaagay, laakiin qiimaha waa heer sare ah dhibaatada weli exists.But marka qiimaha isha iftiinka LED waa la dhimay, guud ahaan ayna nidaamka design ah, qiimaha guud decline.Recall doonaa laambadda is haysta tamar-badbaadinta dhaadheer ee suuqa markii ugu horeysay, ka kharash ah oo ku saabsan $ 15, ayaa hoos u hooseeyo $ 1.50.Can lagu soo gabagabeeyey in, sidaas darteed, horumarinta joogto ah suuqa, iyo qiimaha nalalka LED ugu dhakhsaha badan doono in heerar la aqbali karo.

      4.2 Hagaajinta heerkulka hooseeyo ee ku oolnimada photosynthetic

      heerkulka midabka Low hoos 4000 K sida caadiga ah waa doorashada ugu horeysay ee lighting.Warm guriga indoor Bai Guangling deegaanka oo dhan more diiran oo dabacsan, Oo Bai Guangze qabow oo nadiif ah, hufan oo dhalaalaya dareen qofka, ku haboon xafiiska iyo phosphor lighting.Because dibadda budo, marka heerkulka midabka hoose ee nalalka LED badanaa hoose oo ku saabsan 30% ka badan heerkulka midabka sare.

      4.3 Management of oolnimada photosynthetic iyo midabka index haya'ad

      Guud ahaan, sare uu Kokes ku Ifto Yuuna oggolyahay iyo haya'ad color index waa nalalka lower.Indoor sida caadiga ah u baahan LED ayaa sare index haya'ad midabka, si ay u muujiyaan ujeeddo dhalaalka iyo midabka ee shayga iyo in isha oo qaawan si toos ah u dhawrtaan saamaynta dhabta ah ee ay landscape.Therefore dibadda, wanaajiyo nalalka LED waqti isku mid ah, sidoo kale u baahan in ay sii hagaajiyo midabka haya'ad index.Another habka waa in lagu daro qaar ka mid ah nuurka cas ee dusha sare ee laambadihii iyo siraaddo, si loo gaaro saamaynta color index haya'ad in ka badan 90.

      4.4 Inta lagu jiro oolnimada sare drive hadda

      Currently, sida caadiga ah 1 w LED hadda waa la kordhin karaa ka 350 MA 1000 mA.Under drive hadda sare, si kastaba ha ahaatee, xataa haddii daadanayo kordhay, tayada guud ee caadiga ah waa decline.Therefore yara weyn, waa in uu noqdaa kharashka guud iyo dheelli nidaamka photosynthetic efficiency.If waxaan hagaajin kartaa nalalka LED, hoos drive hadda sare waxaa kaliya loo hubiyo in ay bixiyaan oolnimada sare iftiinka nidaamka, aad bay hoos ugu dhigi kartaa tirada loo baahan yahay ee uu Kokes, si loo yareeyo kharashka soo saarka ayaa aad.

      4.5 Si ay u sii koobto size ee baakada LED

      Waxa intaa dheer in ilaalinta deegaanka, keydinta tamarta,, sidoo kale LED in qofku shakhsiyadiisu kuwaas oo tayo leh farshaxanka gudaha qashin-free, size yar iyo characteristics.And dhex size Baakadaha LED u cidhiidhi ah, ka dhigi kartaa laambadihii iyo siraaddo qorshee dabacsanaan iyo hal-abuurnimo ku space.To baahan si ay u isticmaalaan codsiyada nalalka isku dhafan si loo wanaajiyo haya'ad midabka, size baakadaha yaryar ka caawisaa in ay ogaadaan gashto indhaha hybrid iyo design iftiiminta.

      4.6 In la kordhiyo nolosha adeega, loo hagaajiyo isku halaynta nidaamka

    In codsiyada nalalka guud, LED oolnimada guud ahaan, nolosha adeegga iyo isku halaynta waa in ay ahaadaan iyada oo ayna nidaamka si ascend.Traditional laambadihii iyo siraaddo nidaamka ururkii waa ka fudud yahay, iyo nidaamka nalalka LED ku lug leh qaybaha kala duwan, sida ku cad shaxanka 3.

     isha iftiinka LED: is haysta, oolnimada sare, waxa uu leeyahay noocyo kala duwan oo midabo iyo awoodda wax soo saarka si ay u doortaan ka.

     Power beddelidda: kuweeda talantaalli ah ee hadda (ac), bateriga iyo awood kale oo wax ku ool danab yar yahay ammaan, korontada hadda joogto.

      Control iyo drive: isticmaali xaqiijinta circuit electronic LED drive hadda joogto ah iyo gacan ku haynta.

      maamulka kaamerada: haddii aad rabto si ay u gaaraan nolol adeeg dheer, LED Guntin ay gacanta ku heerkulka waa mid aad u muhiim ah, falanqaynta kaamerada sidoo kale waa lagama maarmaan.

      element indhaha: gashto, iftiinta, ama wax saxan guide waa in ay diiradda saaraan iftiin on goobta bartilmaameedka for element looga baahan yahay indhaha ka.

      5 Waxaa loo adeegsaday in nalalka indoor ee isha iftiinka LED waxaa soo bandhigay

      Sida horeba loo xusay, is haysta oo hufan waa in ay doortaan isha LED iftiinka muhiim factor.Mr OSLON SSL LED waa sheyga ugu dambeeyay ee semiconductors opto osram, ay xoog ku saabsan yahay 1 w.As muujiyey in tirada 4, LED waxaa inta badan loogu talagalay nalalka indoor guud, muuqaalka is haysta, size xirmo tahay oo kaliya 3 mm x 3 mm, iyo waxqabadka waa mid deggan, la isku halayn karo, hufnaan iska Ifto Yuuna waa mid cajiib ah, hufnaan photosynthetic ugu badan ee in ka badan 100 lm / w.Even in socodka awood sare, waxa ay sidoo kale karaa ilaaliyaan hufnaanta iska Ifto Yuuna fiican oo sidaas wax ku ool ah loo yareeyo kharashka guud ee laambadood oo lanterns.And ayaa isku halaynta sare iyo 80 & deg; Ray xaglaha, sidaa darteed waxay noqon karaan habsami in qiyaas dibadda iftiin lens.The LED spotlights ama nalalka indoor, laambad miiska iyo mayrofoon saqafka il iftiin fiican.

     

      Sababta oo ah waxa LED si wax ku ool leh ee hadda sare ka qaban, sidaa daraadeed waxa uu kaa caawin karaa macaamiisha la abuuro aad u badbaaddo tamarta iyo kharashka lagu badbaadinayo nalalka solution.In arrintan la xiriira, Mr OSLON SSL LED uu noqday mustaqbalka & kale; Green & ab; All sifooyinka iftiinka source.The iska caabin LED kaamerada yar intii 7 k / W, maamulka kaamerada waa mid fudud oo dheeraad ah, muuqaalka kore ee golaha wasiirada waa in samaynta kartaa more dabacsanaan si ay u abuuraan nalalka jilicsan adag solution.If aad u baahan tahay, samayn iftiinka aan xoog badnayn, waxay noqon kartaa loo isticmaalo qaar ka mid ah laambadihii iyo siraaddo Intaa waxaa dheer collocation.In ay iftiinka super cad (heerkulka color waa 5700 ~ 6500 K) version, iyo iftiinka cad iftiinka cad diiran (heerkulka color waa 2700 ~ 4500 K) version.

     

      Mr OSLON SSL soo saaray iyadoo la isticmaalayo technology ugu dambeeyay chip LED, loo hubiyo photosynthetic sare efficiency.Mr OSLON SSL LED soo koobin ugu muhiimsan sida ku cad miiska 1.At joogo, marka shaqada hadda waa 350 ma, isha light iftiinka cad super (heerkulka midabka ee 5700 K iyo K 6500) dhalaalka caadiga ah u sarraysaa sida 110 lm, ugu badnaan ka daadanayo iska Ifto Yuuna gaaraan 130 lm.When shaqeeya hadda waa 350 ma iyo heerkulka color waa 3000 K, tayada photosynthetic caadiga ah ay gaari karaan 75 lm / W, dhalaalka, 85 lm .Marka shaqeeya hadda waa 700 ma (diiran cad), dhalaalka 155 lm, waxa uu yarayn karaa kharashka unit of Lumen ah, ayaa sidoo kale sii wadi kartaa ku oolnimada photosynthetic sare, xitaa qadar yar oo ah Kokes ayaa sidoo kale gaari karo heerarka sare ee nalalka.

    Tusaale ahaan, kaliya waxay u baahan yihiin toddoba LED Mr OSLON SSL, qorshee karo oo ku saabsan 15 w diirada LED (eeg tirada 5) .Marka hadda drive ee 700 ma ah, dhalaalka uu Kokes ku gaadhi kartaa 1400 lm, iyo size waa small.Depends aad ay 80 & deg; Ray xaglaha, siday iftiinta ama gashto, hufnaan iftiinka ayaa weli aad u high.Even ka dib iyada oo dhereg account kulaylka iyo khasaaro indhaha, iyo laambadahoodii yaryaraa iyo siraaddo istaagayn finalka ahaan ka badan 1000 waxaa dheer lm.In karaa, marka aad u baahan tahay heerkulka midabka kala duwan iyo index haya'ad midabka, kaliya tiro yar oo ah LED toddoba xiddiga lagu bedeli doonaa sida diiran cad ama wax kale oo monochromatic LED Mr OSLON SSL.In sidan, ka heli kartaa ama heerkulka midabka sare, midabka sidoo kale aad bay u weynaan design ah dabacsanaan of nalalka LED.

    6 gabagabo

      Iyadoo horumarinta deg deg ah ee technology LED iyo horumar tartiib ah nalalka LED ah, LED codsiga ahaan iyo aad u badan widely.With dhibaato tamar yari caalami ah si sii kordhaysa halis ah, gaar ahaan doonaa, dadka bixin badan oo fiiro gaar ah u rajada horumarka ah LED ee suuqa nalalka, LED waxay noqon doontaa bedeli laambad incandescent, iman kara laambadda buuxieyey tungsten oo dhaadheer waxaa dheer source.In laambad iftiin, marka la eego design gudaha ah laambadihii iyo siraaddo, LED u Iishaan Gaaladu doonaa inay daryeel tamarta, dabeecadda aadanaha iyo art.And Mr OSLON SSL LED iyadoo la raacayo shuruudaha codsiga nalalka indoor, waxaa baakada ma aha oo kaliya size 3 mm x 3 mm, iyo hufnaanta xasilloon oo lagu kalsoonaan karo in performance.Its photosynthetic ugu badan ee in ka badan 100 lm / w, xataa korontada sare socodka joogteyn karto hufnaanta iftiin fiican, oo wax ku ool ah loo yareeyo kharashka guud ee laambadihii iyo siraaddo, Waxaa intaa dheer, sababta oo ah 80 & deg, The Xagasha dogob iftiinka, sidaas jeclaan lahaa in o utside saadaaliyey gal gashto ama reflector.In gaaban, Mr OSLON SSL waa laambadihii iyo siraaddo indoor LED waa il iftiin ku haboon.